About DUCS

The Innovative DUCS® SuspendersThe unique (patented) breakaway design of the DUCS® Suspenders allows the wearer to quickly and easily remove or lower his or her trousers, without having to first remove the outer garments.

DUCS®Detachable Under Clothing Suspenders, when fitted to chest high waders or ski/snowboarding pants, provides a very valuable enhancement because the waders are held up, even when the top is rolled down.

How DUCS Work Exhibit I AExhibit I A: Prototype DUCS® harness. On the left an attached “bridle” is intended for attachment to buttons in trousers. Right side shows lower unit (and an optional “Jaw Clamp” lower unit), in an unattached mode. How DUCS Work Exhibit I BExhibit I B: Shows the DUCS® harness on user. (Positioning of attachment points may vary with user build or if heavy items are worn on belt or in pockets.)

A major disadvantage of conventional suspenders (and clothing with built-in suspenders) arises from the fact that, when worn under one or more outer garments, it is necessary to first remove those outer garments before the trousers (the garment being held up by the suspenders) can be lowered or removed. This is because conventional suspenders attach to the trousers in three or four places, one or more of which is at the rear of the wearer and difficult to reach. To lower one's trousers, all outer clothing must be removed, and one's arms slipped back through the suspenders, allowing the trousers to drop. A secondary consequence is that this then allows the suspender straps to lay on the floor (not desirable in a dirty, wet rest room).

How DUCS Work Exhibit II AExhibit II A: Shows cross over in rear. In this version, the straps pass through an adjustable, sliding connector. How DUCS Work Exhibit II BExhibit II B: Shows DUCS® harness, viewed from the side. Note the strap in the back attaches to top buckle.

Detachable, Under Clothing Suspenders (DUCS®) is a new type of breakaway suspender harness system that eliminates this problem by providing for a suspender harness which will remain on the wearer when disconnected from the lower parts of the harness which is connected to the trousers or other lower garment(s) (waders, foul weather pants, wet suits, ski pants, protective pants, overalls, etc.) which are to be held up by the suspenders. The lower part of the harness is semi-permanently or permanently connected to the trousers by way of an attachment at two or four points, with a quick release provision, that allows the harness to breakaway and detach from the trousers, even if several layers of outer clothing are being worn, permitting the trousers to be lowered or removed while the wearer continues to wear the harness. Chemical Protective pants could be put on AFTER the outer garments and gear are in place.

In its "universal version" the lower part of the quick release buckle attaches to the trousers with conventional spring loaded jaw clamps at either two points (at about 2-3 o'clock and 9-10 o'clock) or four points (at about 4 and 2 o'clock on one side and at about 8 and 10 o'clock on the other). The four point attachment serves to distribute the lifting force of the DUCS® and more uniformly carry the load of heavy trousers or outer pants or when heavy items are carried on the belt or in the pockets. The attachment devise(s) on either side are connected to the lower part (by a "bridle" in the four point version) of a quick release buckle which mates to the upper part of said buckle. (See Exhibit I). In the simplest version, the straps cross in the back (where they are connected to one another in a variety of fashions) and pass under the user's arms and then attach back on to the upper part of the quick release clip, creating a harness effect, similar to a shoulder holster. (see Exhibit II)

How DUCS Work Exhibit III AExhibit III A: Shows the right side being released under a sweater. How DUCS Work Exhibit III BExhibit III B: Shows both sides released with harness in place, under sweater.

This completes the "harness" and keeps the unit on the user when it is disconnected from the trousers. Unlike conventional suspenders, there is no tendency for the straps to slide off the shoulders. Because there is no attachment in the rear, there is no binding when one bends forward, making these suspenders much more comfortable, as well as far more practical.

In each mode, it is possible to use elastic or no-elastic material, or a combination. When used with non-elastic straps, a tensioning and releasing adjustment, at the front, is envisioned, to facilitate putting on by putting the users arm through the strap.

When the wearer wishes to lower his or her trousers, with outer garments in place, the wearer simply pulls up or opens the outer garment sufficient to expose the quick release clips, un-clip them from the lower part which is connected to the trousers, leaving the suspender harness in place. When the trousers are raised the clips are re-attached and the outer clothing pulled back down. (See Exhibit III).

A unique feature of this concept is that it will work with virtually all types of trousers, without modification, and with most outer garments.

The lower quick release clip can be attached to a standard spring loaded jaw clip(s) (See Exhibit I), or to any number of devises to attach the system to the trousers, for example, a strap "bridle" designed to fit onto buttons provided or installed in the trousers, as shown in Exhibit I. This latter form of attachment can support the trousers at four points. Alternatively, a "continuous" form of attachment could be provided by sewing in a triangular piece of fabric along several inches of the waistline, the upper part of the triangular piece being connected to the lower part of the quick release buckle. Such a fabric piece could also be attached with a zipper and could be made to also cover the lower back area. This form of attachment may be best for waist high garments designed specifically for use with DUCS® such as waders, foul weather or construction pants, ski pants, etc.( Note: See separate section for use with chest high, "bib" type garments) It could also be attached to a belt which requires added support, as may be the case with construction workers, police men or military personnel who may attach tools, guns and other heavy appurtenances to the belts which are attached to the trousers. They could also be attached to "work belts" which hold tools, etc., but are not attached to trousers.

As the quick release buckle consists of an upper part semi-permanently or permanently secured to the harness, multiple garments with compatible lower buckles can have the lower part of the quick release buckle permanently attached, if desirable. It should be emphasized that the essence of the system is a quick release system that allows the harness to easily breakaway from the lower part (and the trousers or pants) allowing the pants, which can be of totally conventional design, to be lowered or completely removed, while the harness remains on the user.

How DUCS Work Exhibit IV AExhibit IV A: Here the user’s trousers are supported (unseen) as above and the red ski pants are supported by a second, higher attachment point.How DUCS Work Exhibit IV BExhibit IV B: This shows a closer view of the upper part of the main buckle and the smaller quick release buckle attached with a hook & loop strap.

Suspenders are normally used with garments designed to fit over one's trousers, as in the case of ski pants, fireman's pants, chemical protection pants, waders, rain pants, etc. In many cases suspenders are mandated because the garment extends well above the waist of the wearer, rendering a belt useless. These special garments are often worn with heavy jackets or coats, which must be removed before the "bottoms" can be taken down.

When it is desirable to support the wearer's primary trousers and also an outer garment such as fireman's pants, ski pants, foul weather gear, construction or farming overalls or work belts, the primary trousers, on the inside, are supported as above and the outer garments are then attached to quick release connections attached to the harness straps at shoulder level. The weight of the primary trousers will prevent the harness from moving under the added load of the outer garment attached to the shoulder straps. This application may be particularly beneficial to firemen or soldiers as they could support their primary trousers with the harness, using the lower attachment point, and the fireman's pants at the upper point. This would not only facilitate lowering the pants with the outer coat in place, it would also permit the user to get the pants on, even if the coat were first in place. See Exhibit VI.

DUCS - Detachable Under Clothing Suspenders Figure 01Figure I, DUCS® harness, unattached.DUCS - Detachable Under Clothing Suspenders Figure 02Figure II, Waders attached to lower DUCS® clips. This is referred to as the “Half-Mast” position, with tops rolled back to waist height.DUCS - Detachable Under Clothing Suspenders Figure 03Figure III, Waders in full up position with tops supported by quick release clips at shoulder. Note that the harness is inside the waders.DUCS - Detachable Under Clothing Suspenders Figure 04Figure IV. Waders up, under coat. Note that the coat and other garments could have been in place before the waders were put on.DUCS - Detachable Under Clothing Suspenders Figure 05Figure V, Waders being disconnected with coat in place. DUCS - Detachable Under Clothing Suspenders Figure 06Figure VI, Waders at half-mast. To fully lower, or remove, simply disconnect the lower clips.

Some garments such as waders, some ski or snow pants or overalls are sometimes worn without trousers underneath. Because they are high cut, "bib" type garments, they must use suspenders, which are usually "built-in". In many cases, heavy outer garments are worn over these lower garments, and are often several layers thick.

DUCS® can provide an ideal solution to this situation by attaching the lower quick release clip of the suspender harness to waders, ski pants, etc. at waist level, on the inside and attaching the top front of the garment to the strap harness worn by the wearer, just below the shoulder, with two hook & loop straps or by additional quick release buckles.

Figures I-VI show the wearer in a chest high set of waders which are normally worn over only underwear, and, when used for hunting, ice fishing, snowmobiling, etc. there are often several layers of outer garments. When nature calls, it is not only inconvenient to remove all these outer garments, but also VERY COLD! This variation of DUCS® involves a "four point" attachment. There are two quick release buckles attached to the waders at slightly below waist level, on the inside. A second, smaller quick release clip is located on each strap, slightly below shoulder level. The low point of attachment does most of the work and prevents the harness from rotating from the pull of the upper attachment. To lower the waders, the user reaches up under the upper clothing, releases the upper clips, rolls down the top, exposing the lower buckles and repeats the process on the lower clips. To re-attach, the procedure is simply reversed.

It should be noted that, as long as the quick release buckles are compatible, a single harness can be used with many different lower garments.

Figure I shows the DUCS® harness on a user who is wearing pants supported by a belt. The pants will be removed before waders are put on. It should be noted that the harness can be put on long before it is needed and the addition of vests, coats, etc. will not prevent its later use even though the outer garments remain in place. Waders could be carried to the duck blind and put on without having to remove one's coat(s), or they could be put on and placed in the half-mast position, for the walk in (See Figure II).

It should be noted that the lower part of the bottom quick release clips are attached to the inside of the waders, at about waist level. When first putting on waders, the user rolls down the top part and can use these clips to grasp the waders and pull them on to the half-mast position. The lower buckles are then connected, holding the waders in place. In Figure II the tops have been rolled back up even with the waist. In warm conditions or when walking, this may be the preferred position. When rolled down, more cushioning and insulation is provided, when sitting.

If it is desirable to remove or lower the waders without getting "undressed" the waders are simply disconnected as required. From the half-mast position, a male user can easily relieve himself, eliminating the need of a fly. When it is necessary to sit on a toilet, disconnect the lower clips. All this can be done without removing the outer garments. These same concepts are just as important to skiers using high cut ski pants, etc.


Figure 1 - unattached <strong>DUCS®</strong> harness can remain comfortably in place ready for use.Figure 1 - unattached DUCS® harness can remain comfortably in place ready for use.

Figure 2 – quick & easy attachmentFigure 2 – quick & easy attachment

Figure 3 - coat in place, pants supported by <strong>DUCS®</strong>Figure 3 - coat in place, pants supported by DUCS®

Figure 4 – coat & vest on, reaching under coat & vest to detach one of two bucklesFigure 4 – coat & vest on, reaching under coat & vest to detach one of two buckles

Figure 5 – pants lowered. They can be raised and re-attached without removing coat & vest – total up/down time: 26 seconds.Figure 5 – pants lowered. They can be raised and re-attached without removing coat & vest – total up/down time: 26 seconds.

Figure 6 - The patented DUCS® SystemFigure 6 - The patented DUCS® SystemThe patented DUCS® system solves a problem that has been around for so long that the rest of the world has come to take it for granted. That problem is the simple fact that a wearer of clothing held in place by conventional suspenders cannot lower, remove, or put back on, his or her pants without first removing every layer of clothing (and anything else) which is on top of the suspenders.

DUCS® (Detachable Under Clothing Suspenders) are unique in that the suspenders are configured in the form of a stable, comfortable "harness" that remains on the user, with or without the pants attached, combined with two quick release buckles which connect the pants to the harness using a variety of attachment configurations. This flexible attachment system is designed to support numerous ways of connecting the lower DUCS® connectors to the pants, providing a solution for a wide variety of garments. The fact that the bulk of the DUCS® system stays with the user, combined with the multiple attachment options allow one set of DUCS® to work with several pants.

Designed for convenience, comfort, and speed, one wearer might be concerned about answering the "call of nature" while mountain climbing at 20,000 feet in high winds and twenty below temperatures while a soldier fighting for his or her country in a desert half way around the world might be required to wear a chemical protection suit and other protective gear for days at a time.

The DUCS® system has been proven most effective in a number of field trials that have confirmed that DUCS® are simply more comfortable and convenient than conventional suspenders. DUCS® don't pull, chafe, or bind when the user bends over or moves in any direction. DUCS® - The Next Generation Suspenders!

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